Lauri Carlson


  1. Carlson, L. (1983a) Dialogue Games: An Approach to Discourse Analysis. Synthese Language Library, Vol. 17. D. Reidel Co., Dordrecht, Holland 1983
  2. Carlson, L. (1984a) 'Well' in Dialogue Games: A Discourse Analysis of the Interjection 'well' in Idealized Conversation. Pragmatics and Beyond. Vol V:5. John Benjamins, Amsterdam 1984.

Edited works

  1. Moilanen, M., Viehweger, D., Carlson, L. (hrsg.) Zugänge zur Text- und Dialoganalyse. Buske Verlag, 1994. 200 p.


  1. Carlson, L. (1976) "Language games and speech acts." Papers from the III Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics, ed. F. Karlsson. Turku 1976, pp. 95-107.
  2. Carlson, L. and Hintikka, J. (1977) "Pronouns of laziness in Game-Theoretical Semantics." Theoretical Linguistics 4 (1977), Vol 1. No. 2, pp 1-29.
  3. Carlson, L. and Hintikka, J. (1979) "Conditionals, generic quantifiers, and other applications of subgames." Formal Semantics and Pragmatics of Natural Languages, ed. T. Guenthner and S.J. Smith. D. Reidel Co., Dordrecht, Holland 1979.
  4. Carlson, L. and A. ter Meulen (1979) "Informational independence in intensional contexts." Essays in Honour of Jaakko Hintikka. Eds. E. Saarinen, R. Hilpinen, I. Niiniluoto and M. Provence Hintikka. D. Reidel Co., Dordrecht, Holland 1979, pp. 61.72.
  5. Carlson, L. (1981). "Aspect and quantification." Syntax and Semantics, Vol 14: Tense and Aspect. Ed. P. Tedeschi and A. Zaenene. Academic Press, New York 1981, pp. 31-64.
  6. Carlson, L. (1982) "Plural quantifiers and informational independence." Intensional Logic: Theory and Applications. Eds. I. Niiniluoto and E. Saarinen. Acta Philosophica Fennica, Vol. 35 (1982), pp. 163-174.
  7. Carlson, L. (1983b) "Plural quantifiers and informational independence II". Vexing Questions: An Urnful of Essays In Honour of Veikko Rantala on the Occasion of his Fiftieth Birthday. Eds. I. Patoluoto, E. Saarinen and P. Stenman. Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, No. 3/1983. pp. 3-11.
  8. Carlson, L. (1984) "Focus and Dialogue games." Cognitive Constraints on Communication. Ed. L. Vaina and J. Hintikka. D. Reidel Co., Dordrecht, Holland 1984, pp. 295-333.
  9. Carlson, L. (1985) "LP rules in unification grammar." Papers from the Fifth Scandinavian Conference of Computational Linguistics. Publications of the Department of Linguistics, University of Helsinki, pp. 35-48.
  10. Carlson, L. and K. Linden (1987) "Unification as a grammatical tool." Nordic Journal of Linguistics 10 (1987), pp. 111-136.
  11. Carlson, L. (1988a) "RUG: Regular unification grammar." Proceedings of COLING-88. Ed. Denes Vargha. Budapest 1988, pp. 102-105.
  12. Carlson, L. (1988b) "Questions of identity in discourse." Questions and Questioning. Ed. M. MEyer. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin/New York 1988, pp. 144-181.
  13. Carlson, L. (1988c) "Quantified Hintikka style epistemic logic." Synthese 74/2 (1988). pp 223-262.
  14. Carlson, L. and M. Vilkuna (1990) "Independent transfer using graph unification." COLING-90: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Ed. H. Karlgren. Helsinki 1990, Col. 3., pp. 60-65.
  15. Carlson, L. (1990a) "Design of unification based transfer lexicon." SKY 1990: Largely Lexical. Yearbook of the Linguistic Society of Finland 1990. Ed. K. Jokinen and J-O. ™stman. Helsinki 1990, pp.
  16. Carlson, L. "Dialogue Games with Finnish Clitics. SKY 93: Yearbook of the Linguistic Society of Finland 1993. Ed. M. Vilkuna and S. Shore. Helsinki 1993. 25 p.
  17. Carlson, L. (1993)"Language games." The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Pergamon Press, 1993. 6 p.
  18. Carlson, L. (1994) "Logic for dialogue games." Synthese 99/3 (June 1994). Also in Moilanen, M., Viehweger, D., Carlson, L. (hrsg.) Zugänge zur Text- und Dialoganalyse. Buske Verlag, 1994. 39 p.
  19. Carlson, L. (1995). "ValTer: multilingual term bank system for terminology work." In Terminology in advanced microcomputer applications : proceedings of the 3rd TermNet symposium : recent advances and user reports, TermNet, Vienna 1995, s. 289-310.
  20. Carlson, L. (1996) "ValTer2 and ForesTer: From a relational term bank to hypertext on the Web." AFinLa Yearbook 1996, 33-48
  21. Carlson, L. (2001). "Hidden variables in the theory of translation." (to appear)

In Finnish

  1. Carlson, L. U. Remes and H. Thesleff (1978-1979) Finnish commentaries to Plato's dialogues Cratylus, Parmenides, Theaetetus. Platon: Teokset 2-3, Otava 1978-1979.
  2. Carlson, L. (1983c) "Peliteoreettisesta semantiikasta (On game-theoretical semantics)." Näkökulmia semantiikkaan, Suomen kielitieteellisen yhdistyksen julkaisuja 10, Turku 1983, s. 25-35.
  3. Carlson, L. (1988d) "Unifikaatio kielioppiformalismina (Unification as a grammar formalism)." Suomen kielitieteellisen yhdistyksen vuosikirja 1988. Toim. J-O. ™stman, U. Nikanne, K. Jokinen ja K. Wiik. SKY, Helsinki 1988, s. 79-90.
  4. Carlson, L. (1989) "Kielioppiteoria ja unifikaatio (Grammar theory and unification)." Kieli koginitio ja tekoäly. Toim. H. Tiitinen, Helsinki 1989. s. 34-41.
  5. Carlson, L. (1990) "Kielitiede ja konekääntäminen (Linguistics and machine translation)." Ajattelevatko koneet? - Tekoäly, tietotekniikka ja robotiikka. Toim. S. Stark ja K. Tyystjärvi. Suomen tekoälyseuran julkaisuja 5, Helsinki 1990.
  6. Carlson, L. and T. Honkela (1993). "Luonnollisen kielen käsittely (Natural Language Processing)". in Tekoälyn ensyklopedia (Encyclopaedia of Artificial Intelligence), Gaudeamus, Helsinki 1993. 13 p.
  7. Carlson, L. (1996). Onko koneesta kääntäjäksi? MMM vuosikirja 1997. Otava 1996. 358-363.
  8. Carlson, L. (1997). "Looginen semantiikka kääntäjän apuna." (Logical semantics in aid of translation) In: Kontrastiivinen tarkastelu kääntäjän apuna, Department of Romance Languages, University of Helsinki, 1997, p. 89-116.
  9. Carlson, L. (1999). "Konekin kääntää suomea." (Finnish gets translated by machine too.) Studia Generalia: Suomi EU:n puheenjohtajana, suomi Euroopan kielenä. Helsingin Yliopisto: Vapaan sivistyksen toimikunta. 89-99.
  10. Carlson, L. (1999). "Valtterin seikkailut - erään termipankin tarina." Toimikunnista termitalkoisiin. Tekniikan sanastokeskus, Helsinki 1999, 139-142.

Abstracts and web publications

  1. Lauri Carlson, Maria Vilkuna, and Kimmo Koskenniemi. Unification based transfer. Proceedings on the ELS Conference on Computational Linguistics. European Language Services, IBM Norway, 1988.
  2. Carlson, L. (co-author) EAGLES Evaluation of Natural Language Processing systems. Evaluation of Translators' Aids.


English-Finnish Machine translation system (together with K. Lindén). Implemented in Common Lisp.
A simple development environment for unification grammar implemented in C. CPARSE has been compiled on DOS, MAC, Linux, and Windows.
A web-based terminology management program based on relational database and a cgi interface. Allows online distributed management of terminology through the web.
Infers a morphological transducer from paradigm sets. Implemented in prolog.

Book project

Tense, Aspect, Mood, Diathesis: Their Logic and Typology. Three-volume Book MS, 668 pp.
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