Udmurt State University,
International Relationship Department

UDMURTIA

Udmurtia is a republic situated in eastern European Russia, bordering on the Republic of Bashkortostan to the southeast and the Republic of Tatarstan to the southwest. Udmurtia is one of the 21 Russian republics, which are the administrative units within the Russian Federation. Udmurtia covers a total area of 42,100 sq km (16,300 sq mi) similar to Holland. The republic lies on a hilly plain that descends from the Upper Kama Upland and the foothills of the Ural Mountains in the north to lower lands in the south and swampy lowlands in the west. Udmurtia has a population of about 1,640,700. The population of Izhevsk, the administrative center, is about 700,000. About 70 percent of the republic’s inhabitants live in urban areas. Russians represent some 60 percent of the population. Udmurts constitute 30 percent. Smaller groups make up the remainder. Udmurts speak Udmurt, a language that belongs to the Permic branch of the Finno-Ugric languages. It has two major dialects and it is written with the Cyrillic alphabet. There are five cities (Izhevsk: 654,400 thousand people, Votkinsk: 103,900 thousand people, Glazov: 106,700 thousand people, Mozhga: 48,200 thousand people, Sarapul: 109,900 thousand people) and 25 districts in the Republic.

As Udmurtia is located in the north, winter lasts for quite a long time; therefore, it is possible to enjoy winter sports. You may spend your free time skiing, skating and taking part in other activities. Though summer time is the most unique as you will be able to enjoy the beauty of Udmurt nature with its deep forests and springs. The climate is temperate continental with cold winters and rather warm summers. Average temperatures in January range from -15,50 C to -14,20 C in July range from 17,50 C to 19,00 C.

In the Udmurt Republic, the most treasured areas are valuable tracts of forest, nature reserves and land plots with natural medicinal factors. There are 19 sanatoria, 10 holiday resorts and hotels, a balneological mud-cure health resort in Vartzi-Yatchi, a tourist center, and 3 tourist clubs. The main natural resources are timber and oil. The republic is also rich in peat and nitric methane deposits, building materials (pit sand, clay, limestone) and mineral water springs.

Industrial Complex

The history of Udmurtia as "armoury" dates back to the early 16th century when the first factory shops were built on the banks of the Izh and Vyatka rivers. Udmurt industry has developed into a unique production complex supplying a vast range of arms: from small arms and combat guns to missiles and space equipment. A person who contributed to the republic's military industry is Mikhail Kalashnikov, a well-known gunsmith and designer of the submachine-gun AKM. The Museum devoted to his life and work is currently being built. Along with military production civilian products are produced making Udmurtia one of the leading manufacturers in Russia for some commodity goods: sporting and hunting guns - 82%, motorbikes – 52,8%, washing machines - 4,7%, medical equipment - 8,2%, automobiles - 2,9% of the Russian market. There are more than 200 industrial enterprises in the republic. Most of them are well-equipped and incorporate high-skilled labor. High production efficiency was required while fulfilling military orders that, as elsewhere in the world, have the highest quality requirements.

The largest enterprises of the republic are mostly concentrated in its capital, the city of Izhevsk. In Izhevsk, there are enterprises producing, e.g. the following products: automobiles and motorbikes, sporting and hunting guns, metal-cutting machines, structural, alloy and stainless steel rolled stock, rocket and space equipment, medical equipment, machines for cellulose and paper industry, various reduction gearboxes, geological survey equipment, drilling and other equipment for the oil industry, various bearings, consumer goods.

Education

Five higher educational institutions provide training of experts in 61 specialties: Udmurt State University, Izhevsk State Technical University, Izhevsk State Medical Academy, Izhevsk Agricultural Academy and Glazov Teachers' Training Institute. 27,500 thousand students study in the higher educational institutions. In 1995, higher education certificates were given to 3,585 students (22 persons per 10 thousand people).

Culture and Art

Due to the ramified network of culture and art establishments as well as the activity of the creative Unions of writers, composers, architects, artists, designers, theatrical workers, professional and folk art develop steadily and remarkably in the Udmurt Republic. This refers not only to the Udmurt art but also to the art of the Russians, Tatars, and people working in marts and petroleum industry. For many years, the "Italmas" ensemble of Song and Dance has been widely famous. Theater of folk song "Aikai", the folklore ensemble "Zangari", the Russian ensemble of Song and Dance "Tanok", the Tatar ensemble "Guzcl" are also very popular. The musical-talent of the Udmurt people gave birth to a great number of outstanding professional and amateur composers. Nowadays in the Udmurt Republic there are eight professional theatres, five creative musical groups, the state circus, currently under reconstruction. Several dozens of public museums, telling about the history and the original culture of the country and its people are at the guests' disposal. Besides republican libraries and Town Houses of Culture there are centralized library systems and rural centers of leisure in each of 25 districts.

Izhevsk

Izhevsk, the capital city of Udmurtia, is located in the central part of the Republic. Its territory is 31,666 hectares. Currently the population of Izhevsk is 700.000 people, which amounts to 40% of the whole republic. Izhevsk is a huge industrial center where 49 large enterprises are located. With respect to the output and variety of manufactured goods it plays one of the leading roles in the economy of the Ural region.

The city was founded on April 10, 1760 on the bank of the River Izh. Initially, it was a workmen's settlement of the iron-works belonging to Count Shuvalov. In 1763 the first products, metal bands and ship anchors were manufactured from cast iron. In 1807 under the management of an outstanding mining engineer Mr. Deryabin the construction of the Izhevsk arms-producing factory started on the basis of the iron-works. In 1808, tool production was established.

In 1812 the Izhevsk arms factory supplied the Russian army with 23,717 smoothbore silicic shotguns and pistols. By 1817 the population of the Izhevsk factory settlement had grown up to 8,324 people and by 1842 up to 15,000 people. Alongside with the development of arms-manufacturing skill, the arms-craftsmanship schools and later on industrial colleges were established. In 1860 the first private factory producing hunting guns was built. In 1877 the first open-hearth furnace and in 1881 the rolling mill for manufacturing high-grade steel were put into operation at the Izhevsk steel factory (former iron works). The economic flourishing of Izhevsk refers to the last decade of the 19th century when mass production of "three-line" weapons took place. These years were also marked by the participation of the Izhevsk arms factory in international scientific and industrial exhibition in Chicago and Paris.

By 1897 the population of the Izhevsk settlement had increased up to 41,074 inhabitants and in February 1918 Izhevsk acquired the status of a city. In 1921 it became the capital of Udmurtia. In the late twenties Izhevsk became the birthplace of the Russian motorcycle-building industry. In the thirties, the old factories were rebuilding new ones, among them was built the Izhstalzavod, the Izhevsk timber factory. Apart from the industry, the thirties are distinguished for the development of national culture: the first higher educational institutes, several theaters, the Philarmonic Society and the research institute were opened. During the Second World War Izhevsk became an important forge of small arms which supplied about 12,5 million arms for the army. After the war such industries as radio-technical, timber-processing and light industry started to develop. Several factories were built, among them the papermaking and engineering factories, automobile works, bearing-making factory, radio plant. Izhevsk exports its production to more than 70 countries in the world.

Udmurt State University. General information

Udmurt State University was founded in 1972 on the basis of the Udmurt State Pedagogic Institute that was set up in 1931. Nowadays Udmurt State University has become a leading center for research and graduate education in the Udmurt Republic. About 20,000 full-time and part-time students complete their courses at 22 faculties of Udmurt State University. University graduates work at federal, republican, and municipal levels, in different businesses and socio-cultural organizations. The Udmurt State University has a developed system of international contacts with the universities of Europe, Asia and America: Granada University (Spain), Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Lüneburg University (Germany), Helsinki University, Turku University (Finland), Janus Pannonius University, Seged University (Hungary), University of Siena (Italy), Keimyung University (South Korea), and University of Central Florida (USA).

For many years, the Udmurt State University has been participating in and programs initiated by DAAD, USIA, British Council etc. As a result of taking part in TEMPUS and TACIS programs with Manchester Metropolitan University (UK), Granada University (Spain), Darmstadt University, Fachhochschule Bochum (Germany), Helsinki University (Finland), Higher Commercial College of Havre (France) etc. the quality of teaching has considerably improved. For foreign students desiring to learn the Russian language on a higher level a course of Russian as foreign language is offered. The experienced staff of the language department has developed syllabi for different levels of language skill. Classes are held during the whole academic year. Every year, students from Germany, USA, Spain, South Korea, Hungary, France, Finland, Switzerland, and from other countries take courses of Russian.

Transportation

You can travel by daily train from Moscow to Izhevsk. The approximate cost is 700 rubles (25 US dollars) or by plain 2200 rubles (80 US dollars). There are also flights from Frankfurt to Kazan (800 US dollars), Frankfurt - Perm, Frankfurt - Ekaterinburg.

St. Petersburg - Izhevsk flight (Tuesday) 2200 rubles (80 US dollars) 15:10-21:00, Friday 13:30-17:40 2.370 rubles (85 US dollars). Train ticket Petersburg - Izhevsk 440 rubles (15 US dollars).

There are some well-known banks in Izhevsk that provide different services with your money operations. They are:

Savings Bank, tel. +7(3412) 21-82-42
Izhcom Bank, tel. +7(3412) 36-34-94
Ural Trust Bank, tel. +7(3412) 51-01-33
Zoloto Platina Bank, tel. +7(3412) 78-05-98

You can also find places to change your national currency into rubles. The following world known credit cards are accepted: Visa, Eurocard, Mastercard, Diners Club. To enquire about the exchange rate call tel. +7(3412) 21-82-42.

Contact information: International Relations Department,Russia, 426 034 Izhevsk, Universitetskaya St. 1. Telephone: +7 (3412) 78-15-92, Fax +7(3412) 78-58-66, e-mail: inter@uni.udm.ru.


Pirkko Suihkonen Last modified: Fri May 11, 12.35 CEST 2001