KAZAN STATE UNIVERSITY


Kazan State University is a comprehensive, state-assisted institution of higher education that offers a wide variety of undergraduate, master's, specialist's and doctoral degree programs. Accreditation Kazan State University is accredited by the Ministry of Higher Education of the Russian Federation. From History of the University Kazan State University is one of the biggest and oldest institutions of higher education in Russia. It was founded in 1804. The Founding Charter and the Regulations of the University were signed by the Emperor Alexander I on November 5 (November 17 according to the new calendar), 1804. By the Edict of the President of the Russian Federation signed on July 30, 1996 Kazan State University was included into the List of the most valuable objects of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation.

* Scientific schools and directions

There have been many highly-regarded scientists, public figures, teachers, educators, writers, artists and actors during the history of Kazan University. Several outstanding scientific schools and areas started here were widely recognized not only in Russia but in the whole world. One of the greatest discoveries of the 19th century - new non-Euclidian geometry - was made at Kazan University. The Russian genius and mathematician N. I. Lobachevsky who made this discovery played a most significant role in the development of Kazan University. He was Rector of the University from 1827 to 1846 and chairman of the construction committee supervising campus development, which is one of the best in the country. Lobachevsky's activity marks the heyday of research and education for this easternmost educational institution in Russia. At Kazan University Professor Zinin made an important discovery in chemistry. He obtained aniline from nitrobenzene which had a great effect on the development of the chemical industry. Another chemist from Kazan, K. K. Klaus, discovered a new element which he named Ruthenium after Russia. Their follower A. M. Butlerov created the theory of organic structure which is the foundation of present-day chemistry.

Research by orientalists of Kazan University made it one of the centres of European Orientalistics. J. A. Baudouin de Courtenay, who founded the Kazan Linguistic School, contributed most to its successful findings. Another great scientist, astronomer I. M. Simonov, was the only scholar who participated in the circumnavigation of 1819-1821 led by F. F. Belinsgausen and M. P. Lazarec that discovered Antarctica. Research by Simonov during this trip laid the foundation for the scientific study of the Antarctic. During the hard times of WWII one of the most important discoveries of contemporary physics was made at Kazan University: the phenomenon of electric paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was discovered by Prof. Zavoisky. Later he became an academician and received the Order of Lenin. This discovery was later furthered by Zavoisky's colleagues, corresponding members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR: S. A. Altshuler, and B. M. Kozirev.

* KSU - the regional centre for science, education and culture

The University plays an important role as the centre for culture and education of the vast region between the Volga and the Urals. In the 19th century when Kazan University was the only scientific centre in the East of Russia it played a most significant role in the development of culture and education. The University was involved in the first book and periodicals publishing in the region, starting the society of experts in Russian Philology, the first theatrical events, the development of musical culture and art. The University is the cradle of numerous later higher education institutions in Kazan. Agricultural, pedagogical, medical, chemical-technological, financial-economic and aircraft institutes were founded on its basis. KSU is a monument of architecture. The numerous guests of Kazan including foreign and official delegations consider it as a must to visit Kazan University. The University attracts them not only as the oldest academic institution but also as a wonderful monument of architecture.

The campus that appeared at the top of a high Kazan hill in the first part of 19th century constructed in the style of Russian classicism that was the most common one at this time in Russia is one of the most harmonious and beautiful architectural ensembles. The academic division at the present-day Kazan State University is a large educational and research complex. Students are trained in 32 specialties and directions at 16 faculties and 2 interuniversity departments:

*Students and Faculty:
Students:

There are 579 postgraduate and post-doctoral students, and 9570 undergraduate students including 140 foreign students from 27 different countries. 784 under- and post-graduate students study here on the contract basis.

Faculty:

Teaching is provided by highly-qualified personnel. There are 1075 professors including 562 candidates and 192 doctors of science, and 172 researchers, 5154 candidates, 18 doctors of science that work at 86 departments. About 100 of them have awards as honorary professors and culture experts of Russia and Tatarstan. The University Library, the N. Lobachevsky Scientific Library, is one of the biggest and oldest libraries in Russia. It was founded in 1804 together with Kazan University. The University has about 5 million volumes. The Library has research, educational, social-political literature and fiction in different world languages. It possesses one of the best collections of books and perlodicals in Russian including the first Russian printed book (by I. Fedorov, 1564). It also has the biggest collection of Tatar literature in Russia. One of the most valuable Library collections is that containing books, magazines and newspapers published in Kazan (in the 19th - beginning of the 20th century Kazan was one of the leaders in the area of publishing in Russia; the Publishing House of Kazan University was one of the biggest in this country). The Library has 14 incunabulas (books printed before 1501) and over 200 paleotypes (those published in the first part of 16th century). There are also books issued by famous West European publishers such as Aldus, Etiennes, Planten, and Elsevier. Besides published pieces the Library has manuscripts of the 10th-20th centuries in Russian, West European, Arabic, Persian, Tatar and other Oriental (primarily Turkic) languages. The Library possesses the system of classified files and bibliographic cards both alphabetically and systematically, which fully shows the variety of its collections. The computer files have been constantly updated since 1992 for all new books and since 1994 for all new articles. There is a functioning telecommunication network integrated into the information and computing network of Kazan University and the Internet.

* Computer Services

Kazan State University has an advanced computer network with constant access to the Internet. All Faculties have their own local networks. The Centre of Information Technology of KSU allows free access to the global information environment for university faculty and students. More than 800 PCs are deployed at six computerized classrooms and all university departments. Local operational systems are Windows 98/2000, as a rule. Network structure has star topology, department branches are built on 10/100 switched Ethernet (CISCO Catalyst 1924) connected via optical fibre to a central node on Catalyst 5000 switch and CISCO 3640 series router. Shared data infrastructure and information exchange is built upon Novell Netware 5.0. Remote departments are connected via DSL modems over leased lines. For remote dial up users there are over 40 modem lines hooked into remote access hardware (three CISCO 2511, on CISCO 2621 series routers). Information Server: SUN Ultra Enterprise 4500, OS Solaris 8, Oracle 8.0.4, Oracle 9i Proxy Server: SUN Ultra Enterprise 450, OS Solaris 8 WWW Server: IBM RS/6000 7043-240, OS AIX 4.2 Network Management Station: IBM RS/6000 7043160, OS AIX 4.2 Students Workstations (70): IBM GL330, OS Mandrake Linux 8.1.

* Ranking

Kazan University is in the list of the ten top Russian classical universities: 1999, 4. Ref. "Poisk" Newspaper, #1. 2000, 1998, 4-5, Ref. "Career" Magazine, #2. 1998.

* International ambitions

Kazan University is orientated towards international cooperation and strives for the level of the latest international achievements in different areas. The University participates in international programmes and projects and strengthens its connections with different universities, institutions, researchers, and experts from all the continents. Kazan University is open for students and researchers from all countries, invites the intellectual elite and is conducive to exchanges. The academic potential of the University is always available for other regions of Russia, CIS and foreign countries (from "University Mission").

* International programmes and contacts

The University cooperates with Universities in the USA, Canada, Great Britain, France, Germany, Switzerland and other countries, participates in the following programs: TEMPUS/TACIS, IREX, FULLBRIGHT, INTAS, ACE etc. Kazan State University has partner relationships with 36 universities from 14 countries of the world (2001). The most close and long time contacts connect Kazan Uwiversity with Justus-Liebig University in Giessen (Germany), Leuven Catholic University (Belgium), Fribourg University (Switzerland), Hunan University in Changsha (China), and the University of Virginia (USA). Great international interest has traditionally been in our physical, chemical, mathematical, linguistic and biological schools. Lately many lawyers, economists, sociologists, and politicians have been actively taking part in international relations. Institutional Memberships Kazan State University holds the following memberships: International Association of Universities, CRE (Conference of Rectors of Europe), and Kazan State University's Graduates Association.

The Alumni Asociation of Kazan University was founded in 1998 but already at this moment it has its branches in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Voronezh, Novosibirsk, and Tyumen. The members of the Association hope that other alumni will join them who now work in over than 30 different countries: Vietnam, Laos, Germany, Israel, Cuba, Syria, Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Mongolia, Poland, North Korea, Cambodia, Ethiopia, China, Afghanistan, Sudan, Algeria, Lebanon, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama and others.